This PSYCHOLOGY. It’s all multiple choices.
1. What area(s) of the brain become(s) activated when a person looks at a picture of an unfamiliar person of a different race?
Area of the brain that is involved in emotional vigilance
|the hippocampusareas of the brain that integrate visual information and memory|
2. The frustration-aggression hypothesis was modified because of research which indicated that:
People always respond to frustration with aggression
|Aggression is geneticcognitive factors can override aggression
aggression is an innate, biological phenomenon
3. Which of the following would be an example of an event schema?
not renting an apartment to a lesbian couple
knowing that all chess players are smart
|thinking that dentists cause people to feel painexpecting to wait in line for movie tickets|
4. A concern regarding the Milgram obedience study is that of:
appropriate control groups
|Ethicsadequate testing of the null hypothesis|
5. A technique whereby experimental subjects are told about the purpose and method of the experiment is called:
6. Someone speaks up during a Social Problems class and says, “Abortion is murder.” Which one of the three components was demonstrated by this student?
7. “I have strong feelings against black olives.” This demonstrates the ____ component of an attitude.
8. Religious leaders, military officers, doctors, scientists and parents are examples of:
|altruistic leadersasocial models|
9. A group of friends go out to a Thai restaurant. One of the friends says that he will be in charge of the ordering because, as he puts it, he “knows how this sort of thing is done.” If this is, in fact, the case, the person would be making use of a(n):
|event schemasubconscious schema|
10. Conserving time and effort through the use of cognitive shortcuts is essential to the:
cognitive miser model
|central route for persuasionfoot-in-the-door technique|
11. Jeong is having his brain scanned. As the machine is working, he is asked to read words on a screen. He is most likely having a(n):
|fMRI scanx-ray scan|
12. Laura decides that the stranger sitting next to her in the restaurant is rich. He is well dressed, has a cell phone, and orders lobster to eat. This illustrates which of the following?
need to explain
|hindsight biasconsensus effect|
13. Danny thinks he is a good athlete. Thus, he has an athletic self-schema. As compared to someone who does not have an athletic self-schema, it is likely that Danny:
will pay less attention to other athletic individuals
will remember information related to athletics better
|will have his schema change if he encounters nonathletic informationwill pay extra attention to information that slightly conflicts with his athletic schema|
14. In explaining a friend’s behavior, you decide that there is high consistency, low distinctiveness, and low consensus. You are most likely to make a(n) ____ attribution.
15. An attribution is a(n):
16. While walking down a crowded city street, we hear someone sound his car horn to try to get traffic moving. If we use actor-observer bias to attribute cause to the horn honking, we will:
believe that we would never use our own horn in traffic
judge the traffic to be very frustrating
remind ourselves that there are drivers on the road who deserve to be honked at once in a while
|consider the horn honker to be impatient|
17. When a person takes a public position that is different from their private belief, they are engaging in ____ behavior.
18. Jimmy usually beats Ivan in practice tennis matches, but when he plays Ivan again before a packed house during a tournament, Jimmy plays badly and loses. Jimmy’s poor performance is likely due to:
diffusion of responsibility
|social facilitationsocial inhibition|
19. If age, sex, and race are controlled, who earns more money?
|underweight peopleaverage-looking people|
20. In order to convince a freshman that academic problems can be overcome, an instructor must get the freshman to:
attribute problems to temporary factors
attribute problems to innate abilities
|believe that a considerable amount of college success is attributable to good fortunelet the instructor assume responsibility for the student’s success for a while|
21. Guy believes that if he goes out on a date with a woman he knows and pays for a nice dinner, she needs to have sex with him. He uses verbal coercion to force his date to have sex. Guy is most likely a(n):
|power rapistsadistic rapist|
22. In Asch’s classic experiment on conformity, ____ percent of the subjects never conformed to the group pressure by giving an incorrect answer on any of the trials.
23. I don’t want to use a great deal of energy and time thinking. So I take the easy way out when it comes to explaining behavior. From a social psychological perspective, I’m a(n):
|cognitive Scroogecognitive miser|
24. A disadvantage of schemas is that they:
restrict what we attend to, store, and recall
create disorganization within long-term memory
|cannot predict how we should behave in social situationsare easily changed|
25. Dirk is given a ticket to a college football game. He is happy because he knows that people at college football games scream, drink beer and have a good time. This knowledge is an example of a(n) ____ schema.
26. What have researchers found about attractive faces?
Attractive faces come closest to the average face found in the general population.
Attractive faces have large eyes and high cheekbones.
|Attractive faces are those that have a square shape.Attractive faces have dimples, small eyes, low cheekbones, and a small forehead.|
27. If I look for the causes of your behavior in your disposition and personality traits, and overlook how the situation influenced your behavior, I am guilty of the:
fundamental attribution error
covariation model factor
|actor-observer effectself-serving bias|
28. If you had a negative attitude towards assisted suicide, then the behavioral component would be:
your dislike and distrust of those who advocate it
|voting for politicians who want to make it illegallyyour hatred toward assisted suicide|
our belief that assisted suicide is evil
29. “We ought not to vote for a woman for president.” This illustrates:
|the covariation modelgroupthink|
30. We use the reactions of other people to judge the seriousness of a situation according to which of the following theories?
implicit personality theories
informational influence theory
|diffusion of responsibility theorycognitive dissonance|