Psychology 101

This PSYCHOLOGY. It’s all multiple choices.

 

1. What area(s) of the brain become(s) activated when a person looks at a picture of an unfamiliar person of a different race?

Area of the brain that is involved in emotional vigilance

The amygdala

the hippocampusareas of the brain that integrate visual information and memory

 

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2. The frustration-aggression hypothesis was modified because of research which indicated that:

People always respond to frustration with aggression

Aggression is geneticcognitive factors can override aggression

aggression is an innate, biological phenomenon

 

 

 

3. Which of the following would be an example of an event schema?

not renting an apartment to a lesbian couple

knowing that all chess players are smart

thinking that dentists cause people to feel painexpecting to wait in line for movie tickets

 

 

4. A concern regarding the Milgram obedience study is that of:

mundane realism

appropriate control groups

Ethicsadequate testing of the null hypothesis

 

 

 

5. A technique whereby experimental subjects are told about the purpose and method of the experiment is called:

Briefing

postexperimental discussion

Samplingdebriefing

 

 

 

6. Someone speaks up during a Social Problems class and says, “Abortion is murder.” Which one of the three components was demonstrated by this student?

Cognitive

AffectivePhysiological

behavioral

 

 

7. “I have strong feelings against black olives.” This demonstrates the ____ component of an attitude.

Cognitive

affective

Physiologicalbehavioral

 

 

 

 

 

8. Religious leaders, military officers, doctors, scientists and parents are examples of:

authority figures

conformity inducers

altruistic leadersasocial models

 

 

 

9. A group of friends go out to a Thai restaurant. One of the friends says that he will be in charge of the ordering because, as he puts it, he “knows how this sort of thing is done.” If this is, in fact, the case, the person would be making use of a(n):

self-schema

person schema

event schemasubconscious schema

 

 

 

10. Conserving time and effort through the use of cognitive shortcuts is essential to the:

covariation principle

cognitive miser model

central route for persuasionfoot-in-the-door technique

 

 

 

11. Jeong is having his brain scanned. As the machine is working, he is asked to read words on a screen. He is most likely having a(n):

MRI scan

SET scan

fMRI scanx-ray scan

 

 

 

 

12. Laura decides that the stranger sitting next to her in the restaurant is rich. He is well dressed, has a cell phone, and orders lobster to eat. This illustrates which of the following?

group polarization

need to explain

hindsight biasconsensus effect

 

 

13. Danny thinks he is a good athlete. Thus, he has an athletic self-schema. As compared to someone who does not have an athletic self-schema, it is likely that Danny:

will pay less attention to other athletic individuals

will remember information related to athletics better

will have his schema change if he encounters nonathletic informationwill pay extra attention to information that slightly conflicts with his athletic schema

 

 

14. In explaining a friend’s behavior, you decide that there is high consistency, low distinctiveness, and low consensus. You are most likely to make a(n) ____ attribution.

Fundamental

Situational

External

Internal

 

 

 

 

15. An attribution is a(n):

stereotype

belief

explanation attitude

 

 

 

16. While walking down a crowded city street, we hear someone sound his car horn to try to get traffic moving. If we use actor-observer bias to attribute cause to the horn honking, we will:

believe that we would never use our own horn in traffic

judge the traffic to be very frustrating

remind ourselves that there are drivers on the road who deserve to be honked at once in a while

consider the horn honker to be impatient

 

 

17. When a person takes a public position that is different from their private belief, they are engaging in ____ behavior.

persuasive

synergic

Counterattitudinaloppositional

 

 

 

 

18. Jimmy usually beats Ivan in practice tennis matches, but when he plays Ivan again before a packed house during a tournament, Jimmy plays badly and loses. Jimmy’s poor performance is likely due to:

deindividuation

diffusion of responsibility

social facilitationsocial inhibition

 

 

 

19. If age, sex, and race are controlled, who earns more money?

attractive people

educated people

underweight peopleaverage-looking people

 

 

 

20. In order to convince a freshman that academic problems can be overcome, an instructor must get the freshman to:

attribute problems to temporary factors

attribute problems to innate abilities

believe that a considerable amount of college success is attributable to good fortunelet the instructor assume responsibility for the student’s success for a while

 

 

 

21. Guy believes that if he goes out on a date with a woman he knows and pays for a nice dinner, she needs to have sex with him. He uses verbal coercion to force his date to have sex. Guy is most likely a(n):

acquaintance rapist

anger rapist

power rapistsadistic rapist

 

 

 

22. In Asch’s classic experiment on conformity, ____ percent of the subjects never conformed to the group pressure by giving an incorrect answer on any of the trials.

15

25

35

45

 

 

23. I don’t want to use a great deal of energy and time thinking. So I take the easy way out when it comes to explaining behavior. From a social psychological perspective, I’m a(n):

internal dispositioner

intellectual miser

cognitive Scroogecognitive miser

 

 

 

24. A disadvantage of schemas is that they:

restrict what we attend to, store, and recall

create disorganization within long-term memory

cannot predict how we should behave in social situationsare easily changed

 

 

 

25. Dirk is given a ticket to a college football game. He is happy because he knows that people at college football games scream, drink beer and have a good time. This knowledge is an example of a(n) ____ schema.

event

person

Selfinterpersonal

 

 

 

26. What have researchers found about attractive faces?

Attractive faces come closest to the average face found in the general population.

Attractive faces have large eyes and high cheekbones.

Attractive faces are those that have a square shape.Attractive faces have dimples, small eyes, low cheekbones, and a small forehead.

 

 

 

27. If I look for the causes of your behavior in your disposition and personality traits, and overlook how the situation influenced your behavior, I am guilty of the:

fundamental attribution error

covariation model factor

actor-observer effectself-serving bias

 

 

 

28. If you had a negative attitude towards assisted suicide, then the behavioral component would be:

your dislike and distrust of those who advocate it

voting for politicians who want to make it illegallyyour hatred toward assisted suicide

our belief that assisted suicide is evil

 

 

 

29. “We ought not to vote for a woman for president.” This illustrates:

discrimination

attribution

the covariation modelgroupthink

 

 

 

30. We use the reactions of other people to judge the seriousness of a situation according to which of the following theories?

implicit personality theories

informational influence theory

diffusion of responsibility theorycognitive dissonance